Over pruning is one of the most awful and most regular mistakes in tree care. This is because most people do not have proper understanding on how trees function and their health. The normal standard for pruning of a tree is that close to 20% to 30% of a tree should be pruned in a whole year. Over pruning affects the trees in serious ways.
This article explores the dangers of over pruning trees
Dangers of Over Pruning
1. Big Cuts Lead to Decay
Any cut made on a tree is an injury that must healed. The smaller the cuts made on a tree during its life span, the better it is actually for the tree. One big badly made cut or an excessive number of cuts in the wrong places can destroy a tree forever.
2. Reduction in Food Production
The leaf of a tree is what really creates food for the plant. The sustenance of a tree is on its foliage and not fertilizer. Nutrients are ingested through the roots and turned to components that a tree’s foliage needs to deliver nourishment through photosynthesis. Pruning a lot of the foliage altogether lessens the tree’s capacity to make food . The result of this is always undesirable,It really stunts the development of the tree. Food production is decreased in any year the tree is over-pruned and if it is yearly being over pruned the problem becomes more complicated .
3. Interior sprouting and Sun scald
Over pruning reduces the crown thickness of the three. The crown of a tree needs to be thick to avoid excess sunlight touching the bark of the tree. Loss of too much leaves will affect the foliage to roots ratio. So to make up for this loss the tree reacts by using up the stored food to produce new leaves. Proper pruning will make the tree grow leaves at the tip but improper pruning leads to interior growth, while the tip is left scanty. The bark of the tree needs shade to avoid scalding which will affect the tree’s health and life span.
4. Wind Damage
The higher the limb of a tree the more risk of wind damage it is prone to. The best possible shelter to trunk proportion is 2/3 shade/ canopy to 1/3 trunk. Raising of low limbs to a high level can increase the pressure on the roots and trunk of a tree and if the tree is decaying or damaged due to over pruning, then the tree is highly susceptible to breaking or collapsing.
5. Breakage due to weak Limbs
A bare tree limb is prone to higher stress than a tree that has a lot of foliage. Trees that possess long branches with foliage just on the tips will probably easily break than limbs that have numerous leaves. The even measure of outward growth and leaves help convey the pressure from high breezes along the whole length of the branches instead of it being concentrated at the tip.
All these factors and many more are the effects of over pruning your tree, so when next you are pruning, you should consider pruning moderately to avoid damaging the tree. Over pruned trees always turn out to become very ugly trees because of the dangers they are exposed to.
Finally, Over pruning a tree isn’t just detrimental to the tree, it so increases the amount you spend to maintain the tree annual, consistent pruning automatically implies increase in upkeep spending plan for the tree. If you feel that the work is something you can’t handle, you can always hire professional tree pruners or tree trimmers.